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A presentation blitz interview with our associate politician-Marxist Gordan Stoshevich. Macedonian and Slovenian journalist, editor of the website “IL GRIDO DEL POPOLO”, the founder of the Balkan left-wing radical movement “LEVITSA”.
1. Comrade Stoshevich, do you think that in the current situation in the Republic of Macedonia and the Balkan Europe as a whole – today require major social and political changes?
– Of course, radical changes are needed, both in my country and not in the Balkans as a whole. After the break-up of Yugoslavia and the restoration of capitalism in all the new countries derived from the former Federation, a great vacuum was created on the left spectrum of socio-political responsibilities and actions.
Just like in Russia, a new ruling oligarchic elite was created in the Balkans, which, with the help of big capital, creates from the human masses silent observers who are powerless against the “elections” imposed on them.
We witnessed how in the late 1980s a unique historical left project collapsed, leaving only the rightists and liberals on the political scene, who, of course, began to act in the interests of big capital. Unfortunately, today’s “new left” is an amorphous mass. This is not what is really needed in this situation. The fact that, with the exception of some political left-oriented organizations in Slovenia and Macedonia, in the rest of Yugoslavia there is currently no powerful leftist party Levitsa.
2. Do you consider the existence in the political arena of left-wing organizations that merge with the liberal opposition, or are they in the ideological and political stagnation caused by their isolationist position – since they restrict their actions to the internal state of the political life? This is the general trend of the left wing of the political arena in Europe, Asia and America? Or is there a way out-perhaps in uniting, creating a new, living, really functioning independent anti-capitalist International?
– As I have already said about the Balkan left, I think – this applies to many countries of the world where the left is today in a state of crisis. Maybe it sounds pessimistic, but the situation on the ground confirms this fact. The exception is probably the small regions of Latin America and Asia, where the left openly conduct military operations on several fronts. For example, the Philippines and its partisan army NPD; political struggle in Nepal, where the Communists won; or movements in Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan, where the bloody regime is brutally reckoned with politically active Communists. One of these cases is the arrest of a great human rights activist in Pakistan Baba Yan.
As for the American continent, the situation is much worse, because, with the exception of Nicaragua, where CIA technologies are being developed against the Sandinista government, as well as Venezuela and Cuba. However, as far as Cuba is concerned, I am not sure that after the departure of Raul Castro, the revolutionary gains of the Island of Freedom will be preserved. In Bolivia, where they try to remove Evo Morales on the grounds that he no longer has the rights to a new mandate. As happened in Ecuador, where, with the arrival of the new president, Lenin Moreno, who, not being the leader of the caliber of Raphael Correa, allowed Ecuador to turn from the left course of development to liberal, right. Brazil and Argentina have added to the list of North American colonies, which have long been Uruguay, Chile, Peru and Colombia. My opinion is that such a balance of power will increase pressure on Latin America even more than during the first stage of the globalization process that began during the Cold War. In Vietnam and China, unfortunately, we see a cunning state capitalism, where a deeply corrupt one-party system, and at the same time, selectivity, “justice. Thus, the two largest communist parties in Asia are losing the people’s confidence in the struggle against large international capital. And I believe that the way out would really be to create powerful international left-wing parties that would bring together all the progressive workers’ revolutionary movements in the world.
3 … If you hold this opinion, do you think that it is possible today to create an International – a new, global type? What ways do you see to achieve a real international consolidation of left-wing political formations? And what exactly, first of all today, hinders this process, and what – perhaps, can help?
– From my point of view it is so far from the consolidation of the control of the line within the parties of the left bloc, and the formation of a powerful international organization, like those organizations from the last century, which would now also unite all anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist movements for a number of reasons. One of the main reasons which is not only an obstacle, but also a dangerous factor for such an international organization, is undoubtedly the context of the time in which we live. We need such a consolidated action that takes into account all the numerous aspects, especially that we are living in the era of global technocratic changes, we need to see ourselves more, given that today’s “precaryat” is no longer the driving force of history, we must be more focus on its consolidation, we need to be more focused on its consolidation within the production process, where the power for the employee in the bundle of the employee-employer has completely changed if we know what automation is the level is much higher than a century ago.
The fact is that the employee today does not even have a fraction of the power that gave them union in trade unions when they had at least some opportunity to make decisions. Now they are deprived of the opportunity to influence the processes of production relations, and even the villager, especially where the trade unions are completely devastated, or in the case of large capital. Another thing that is important, as we mentioned today: yes, we have such an opportunity against capitalism, “progressive” organizations and movements that are waging a selective struggle against capitalism – and they are not critical of imperialism, the signs of which described by Lenin as the last stage of capitalism. For example, when today everyone recognizes the criticism of Western imperialism, denying Russian and Chinese imperialism, or considering the situation in Ukraine and Syria, as well as most of the African continent, not from the class point of view. Unfortunately, such selective struggle against imperialism in favor of corporate capital, which, as we see, defends its interests, even where the opposite is asserted. I would like to ask you, did not Russian capitalism, using Russian aircraft and bombs, as well as NATO? What difference does it make who does this if we know about the number of Syrian children – victims of imperialist bombs? Or will the Putin oligarchy do anything to update Syria’s infrastructure after the war? The understanding of this is of decisive importance in the struggle against big capital, it must be that all progressive forces in every country oppose imperialism, otherwise there will be an international struggle that will win in the struggle for socialism – with unconscious “patriarchal atavisms” and, in fact, all attempts to build communism were too Orthodox. And, if we do not take into account this anti-progressive element of mass consciousness, then everything will be done on the basis of this civilizational code.
4. Please tell our readers about the true side of the latest socio-political destabilization events in the Republic of Macedonia? And also we are interested in the real meaning of your confrontation with Greece?
Finally, as regards the long-standing bilateral dispute between my country – Macedonia, and Greece – this is certainly a matter of power, which has nothing to do with the class struggle. However, according to the Marxist theory of self-determination of peoples, this dispute should have been closed for a long time already. Because for the Macedonian people their independence is their right to self-determination, and on an equal footing with all countries of the former Yugoslavia. And I believe that for people in the USSR, Yugoslavia, and Poland, where during World War II there was the greatest number of casualties, by and large precisely because this war was a class war. Although she then Macedonia was in Yugoslavia, and just then for Macedonia there were no problems with Greece. Although during the civil war in Greece, between 1946 and 1949, the predominant number of Macedonians fought on the side of the Communists. After the defeat of the fascists and their supporters of the United States and the United Kingdom, the Macedonians were expelled from Greece without the right to return to their homes.
In accordance with the agreement between Greece and Stalin, Greece had to remain under the military-political influence of the Western anti-Hitler bloc. And Tito was unable to support the Greek partisans in the formation of the Slavic Macedonians … As a result of this historical conflict, the real problem manifested itself in the early 1990s when Macedonia became an independent country to which official Athens had claims. This controversy, lasting 27 years, mediated by the UN, led to the situation when, in the summer of 2018, both countries signed a contract under which Macedonia is obliged to use in its official name a composite name with a geographical determinant, both in bilateral communication and for international use , and renounce the majority of its history and its citizens who have become minorities outside their national borders. Greece also undertakes not to impede Macedonia on its way to integration into NATO and the EU. For this purpose, a referendum will be held in Macedonia, scheduled for September 30, in which the citizens of Macedonia must decide; whether the name of their country will change, and whether it integrates into the imperialist alliance of NATO. However, I share the opinion that in this referendum, in which two issues are raised, a political decision will be taken against the will of the citizens of Macedonia. In this regard, the majority of the population of Macedonia is confident in the common opinion that the coming autumn will be a difficult and unpredictable period of socio-political destabilization within the country.