South America

PROCESSES OF IMPERIALIST OCCUPATION OF THE BORDERS OF INDEPENDENT BOLIVIA

Over the past six months, the left-wing press has been actively circulating an information pool about events in Venezuela: attempts by the ultra-right and neo-liberal opposition, with the support of official Washington and the center of Latin American dissidents in Miami (led by the unspoken adviser to the President of the United States on Latin America and Congressman Marco Rubio), – “overthrow the Chavist regime.” Even if we don’t touch on the other sides of the problem (for example, to the extent that N. Maduro did not distort the vector of development of Venezuela in his reign, chosen by his predecessor, the leader of the Venezuelan Bolivirian revolution, Hugo Chavez), the existing certain bias in the level of illumination at once is striking World media of two Latin American states – members of ALBA – Venezuela and Bolivia. For those who sympathize with the struggle for independence and economic integration of Latin America, this problem is obvious: if Venezuela is devoted to a lot of materials about the burning problems of Bolivia, for example, and about other ALBA member countries, there is little information. The wave of information about the spring attempt of a new coup in Venezuela and the escalation of events in Caracas overlaps with data on the aggravated risks facing Bolivia: the government of Evo Morales is no less inconvenient for the US than the “Chavist regime” of N. Maduro. Given the similarities of the “hybrid wars” waged by North American experts, while distinguishing between the geopolitical position of the Central American state of Venezuela and the South American state of Bolivia, highlight the risk group, their relevance and unpredictability, facing the latter, which is included in the group of so-called “countries” Of the Southern Cone ”, we were helped by like-minded people from Santiago de Chile, namely, Bolivia borders on this country, and its border guards risk it on the Bolivian-Chilean border on which th from Chile more and more likely to report the presence of North American military experts. What are they doing?
Chile and Bolivia historically have a number of territorial claims on and border territories; and this makes it possible, under the auspices of “protecting the interests of Chile,” to prepare for a military invasion of the northern territories of Bolivia. By the third year of the presidency in Chile, Pinochetist Sebastian Pinhera (a South American oligarch and neoliberal politician who is a populist who was elected President for the second time, and after the presidency, Michelle Bachelet, will be his second term in his political career. It is Sebastian Pinhera who plays a leading role in an active the implementation of the OAS – PRASUR project, which involves the deployment of South American border command bases in the South American border territories, which host Chilean and North American In addition to the rather large military bases controlling South Patagonia (Tierra del Fuego in Chile), according to the existing series of agreements between the US Southern Command (Special Operations Command – SOCSOUTH) and the governments of Argentina, Peru and Brazil), after a series US Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan’s business visits to Santiago de Chile, in this territory, as well as everywhere where the North American military is present, multifunctional military bases are locally of action and rapid movement, code-named Lili pad. Together with large bases on the border territories of Peru, Chile, Argentina, they form a ring-shaped systemic occupation of the borders of Bolivia, carried out by the forces of three South American countries. From Argentina’s side, this is Abra Pampa (Jujuy region), from Peru to the base on the coast of Lake Titicaca, and from the sides), the Brazilian large military base on the territory of Rondogne performs a coordinating role, since one of the objectives of SOCSOUTH is officially “ implementation and support, as well as training of the host country under the leadership of the USSOHCOM of professional military contacts with the armed forces of Latin America, ”the purely Chilean or Argentinean military contingent can no longer be called regional, since training is like Chile both the Argentinean and the Argentinean are held at the base of the Southern Command of the United States. To train military operations in northern Chile, in the Atacame Desert, 40 km from Antofagasta, military exercises called “Estrella Austral” have been held for several years, uniting FF.AA. from Chile, and the USA. Every year, the ongoing exercises of «Estrella Austral» comprise about one and a half thousand representatives of the Chilean special contingent involved in them, under the leadership of about 300 US military experts from JSOTF – the Joint Task Force of Special Operations, with the participation of an updated base of aircraft and armored vehicles every year. The Estrella Austral exercises include representatives from Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, as well as Spain and the United Kingdom, which formally host South American military exercises.
The goal of «Estrella Austral» is “to recreate successful collaboration and increase the operational capabilities and deployment of the Joint Task Force units for special operations, including in the event of a military conflict with Bolivia, in northern Chile, near the cities of Arica and Parinokota.

The past two years have seen a radical change in the configuration of North American policy towards the region. Estrella Austral is far from harmless in terms of the security of the South American region of Latin America, and many of our international comrades from these countries regard the military exercises in the Atacama Desert as “a new threat to North American imperialism against the regional world.” It is really felt in connection with the general geopolitical strategy of the United States, the fundamental direction of which is the militarization of the continent and the strengthening of the military presence, especially to control the Antarctic waters, where border infrastructure is constantly expanding and developing in military-technical terms. In August 2018, the Ambassador of Argentina in La Paz (Bolivia) Normando Alvarez confirmed that the government of President A. Macri deployed military units in the Municipality of Abra Pampa, in the province of Jujuy, and this base is located only 70 km from the border with Bolivia. Together with the naval bases located in the region of Neuquen and Ushuaia, where the military contingent is also being strengthened, it is one of the vertices of the triangle – the “triple border” that currently surrounds the border territories of Bolivia. In the summer of 2019, Ariel Basteiro, also a representative of the foreign diplomatic corps in La Paz (Bolivia), made a statement to the press that the President of Bolivia “Evo Morales does not control the drug trafficking carried out by air, as well as the smuggling of lithium.” This message turned out to be taken very “on time”: increasing US pressure on the government of Evo Morales, which restricts the activities of DEA, the US power structure in the fight against drug trafficking, whose representatives are accustomed to operating almost throughout Latin America as at home. The neo-liberals and conservatives of the populist and ultra-right wing are inclined to consider the period of the reign of President Evo Morales, which began in 2006, as a period of economic regression and further impoverishment of the Bolivians. However, they forget that the political instability of 2003-2005 was notable for the intensity of violent protests against government plans to develop open natural gas fields in Bolivia, and this country was especially hard hit against the background of the ethno-national mixture inherent in Bolivia: there are many significant indigenous groups (Native American) peoples employed in the traditional agricultural sector of this country – work on coca plantations. Kokanero has always been the majority of Bolivian agrarian workers, and by 2006 it was their union that nominated a new political figure from its ranks. Evo Morales, by nationality – Aimaro Indian, in the eyes of indigenous representatives is the most authentic expression of their interests. And in the three years since his election to the presidency in 2009, Bolivia has shown the highest rates of economic growth in South America, which remained at a fairly high level until 2012 – 2013, when sufficient prices for raw materials allowed the economy show steady performance. Bolivia has long had a trade surplus, and with the reign of Evo Morales, the global recession seemed to slow its growth and retreat. However, the economic crisis in countries that have been characterized by a capitalist formation for a long time does not recede for a long time: it can stand at the threshold for a long time, but sooner or later it will remind of itself. However, when in countries where governments are friendly to the masses and pay attention to social transformations, neighbors are accustomed to paying special “attention” to the manifestation of emerging economic problems, without giving an account that in this case it can be connected not only with the fact that the government, in the impulses of socialist transformation, forgets about the economy that has begun to limp, when making “hasty decisions about the nationalization of a number of economic sectors.” But the latter is simply not profitable for large Transnational corporations, turning a blind eye to these countries, in which it is becoming unacceptable to invest capital, since it seems to them that this borders on intolerable risk. However, until 2006, as economists from the Evo Morales team rightly point out, even the adoption of a new capitalizing law on hydrocarbons, which, by 2005, which improved the investment climate in the country, did not solve the problem of economic recession, which affects further political and economic tensions in Bolivia.
There is an authoritative opinion in South America among representatives of leftist forces from three South American countries, according to which the escalation of the civil confrontation and attempted military coup in Venezuela this spring (which was inspired by the SOCSOUTH USA) is of the nature of the so-called “Low Intensity Conflict” – most likely, “ I’m going to play for a long time ”, and ultimately – motivated polyphonic, and as one of the goals I’ve set up, I’ll intend to carry out certain maneuvers for“ diverting my eyes ”from much more serious in relation to the countries of the Southern Cone. This roundabout maneuver, performed by the North American puppet – H. Guaido, and the representatives of the GNB bribed and betraying the Bolivian Venezuelan government, was carried out, however, and with a considerable share of hope of the North American hawks of Congress (led by Marco Rubio) that the task in Caracas will nevertheless be fulfilled, and the government of N. Maduro will fall. Currently, all GNB officers who betrayed the Chavist government, were arrested and disarmed, have been interrogated and sentenced by security forces of Caracas, also from GNB and other special services, finding out that each of the conflicts conceived by the Pentagon in countries with governments disagreeable with official Washington, takes place as part of the flow of “conflict of low intensity” in the South Cone region, to the decisive stage of a “hybrid” or non-traditional war. The aim is to demoralize countries that are representatives of an organization that impedes US interests in the region – ALBA (Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Ecuador. In the latter, the operation was successful for the North American intelligence services – nominated by the ruling party of the “civil revolution” in Ecuador, led by Rafael Correa, the representative for the role of the new President of the country, – Lenin Moreno, as it turned out, pursued completely different goals in his actions than R. Correa thought, who earlier considered him a friend and like-minded person. L. Moreno came to power not for in order to continue the development of Ecuador in the framework of the “civil revolution” – and in order for Ecuador to become the United Republic of Banana again. And this plan, unfortunately, was a success – the US military regained the territory of the Ecuadorian military base of Manta, which has an important for the United States geopolitical significance …
However, it is clear that D. Trump’s government at this stage does not yet intend to conflict with Russian investment and Russian military equipment in Venezuela. Both Bolivia and Venezuela, in the eyes of official Washington, “have the same ideological model,” being countries with regimes that threaten the interests of democracy in the region. ” At the same time, both countries also have a similar geopolitical significance, each in its own region of LA: Venezuela has one of the largest gas and oil reserves in the world (8th place), having trade relations with “left” countries on favorable terms, which cannot Do not resent the United States. Bolivia is also one of the largest gas producers in Latin America, ranking 6th. Thus, the economies of both countries depend on oil and gas exports. If Venezuela has the largest oil reserves in the world, then in Bolivia it has the largest reserves of lithium, the development of deposits of which also have a fundamental meaning and a promising strategic nature, so in the near future, when the world public, having come to the realization that oil reserves cannot be treated voluntaristic; in the future, as professionals say, this should develop into an awareness of the need with a change in the energy matrix of the planet, which does not put more emphasis on the natural reserves of “black gold”. After all, otherwise already by 2067. oil reserves in the world may be exhausted, but they are not replenished. Therefore, many countries are preparing for the process of reconverting the energy matrix on a global scale, right up to the transition to a new energy matrix that operates on the basis of lithium.
Bolivian neighbors – Chile and Peru – reject all attempts by her government to agree to restore the right of access to the Pacific Ocean through Atacama, which Bolivia ceded to Chile in 1884. Instead of meeting in the framework of good neighborly relations, the Chilean government remains faithful to the capitalist, imperialistic attitude towards its neighbors, and limits its concessions to offering unlimited and “free” access through its territory to Bolivian natural gas, while in the meantime making one by one political provocations on the border with Bolivia, where, as we saw above, quite a lot of US military forces and representatives of Latin American countries serving in parts of the Southern Command of the United States are pulled together. The deadline for the upcoming presidential election in Bolivia is very close, where the opposition is fueling an atmosphere of an anti-democratic option – the irreversibility of the long rule of one President, Evo Morales. Considering that Bolivia has rather stringent laws on the participation of the population in the Presidential elections compared to most countries in Latin America and Europe, the opposition understands that if Evo Morales succeeds in changing the constitutional clause in the country regarding the length of stay of the elected representative in the presidency, then – plans for his re-election may be frustrated. For the capitalist-oriented part of the urban population, which the opposition leaders continue to ideologically cultivate, this will mean an extreme lack of freedom of choice, which both the local oligarchy and the opposition, and the Pentagon, to which the Trump government can give free rein, are ready to play, and – for almost all the countries of the Southern Cone have now turned “to the right,” and only Bolivia is “behind.”

Alyona Ageeva, Analyst, Commissioner of the 11th Network Bet (South Russia)
Gisela Lopez, Minister of Communications of Bolivia (Bolivia) specifically for Resistentiam.com

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